Hitoshi Tanaka is Chairman of the Institute for International Strategy at the Japan Research Institute, Ltd., and a senior fellow at the Japan Center for International Exchange. In 2006-18, he was a visiting professor at the Graduate School of Public Policy, University of Tokyo. Mr. Tanaka retired from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in August 2005 after serving for three years as Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs. Before being named Deputy Minister, he held various posts at the Foreign Ministry including Director-General of the Asian and Oceanian Affairs Bureau (2001–02) and Economic Affairs Bureau (2000–01); Consul General in San Francisco (1998–2000); and Deputy Director-General of the North American Affairs Bureau (1996–98). Mr. Tanaka holds a B.A. in law from Kyoto University and B.A./ M.A. in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics (PPE) from Oxford University. He is the author of Nihon Gaiko No Chosen [The challenges for Japan’s diplomacy] (2015: Kadokawa Ltd.), Reimagining Japan (2011: McKinsey), Purofeshonaru no Kosho-ryoku [The logic of strategic negotiation] (2009: Kodansha Ltd.), and Gaiko no Chikara [The power of diplomacy] (2009: Nikkei Publishing Inc.), and also JCIE’s English newsletter, East Asia Insights (http://www.jcie.or.jp/insights/).